By definition, refugee camps are temporary situations for displaced persons. However, ongoing conflict in Burma and the difficult naturalization process has prolonged refugees’ stay in the border camps. This article highlights how the displacement happened particularly to these ethnic minorities and how both the Burmese and Thai governments have sourced the issues.
Photo: © Melanie McCarthy
“The most important thing is acknowledgement of people’s suffering. If we don’t identify the wound, how can we heal it?” - Surgeon, writer, activist and former political prisoner, Ma Thida (Sanchaung)
The findings of this report are based on interviews conducted with victims of human rights violations between 2017 – 2018. The majority of interviewees had experienced either the repression of the 8888 uprising, the military operation during the 1991 Bogalay crisis in Irrawaddy Region, or the ongoing conflict in northern Shan and Kachin states. Testimonies came from conflict survivors, former political prisoners, and land grab victims. Interviewees and their families had suffered a range of human rights violations, including arbitrary arrest, torture, killing, disappearance, rape, forced relocation, and arbitrary taxation.
“In order for national reconciliation to work it has to be systematic. So far there has been no reconciliation between the military and the people.” - Political analyst, U Win Zin
Read this report, compiled by the Network for Human Rights Documentation Burma (ND-Burma) and its Reparations Working Group.
Health and Human Rights Journal collected data from March 15 to 18, 2018 on demographics, mortality, education, livelihoods, access to food and water, vaccination, and health care. Among other things, the survey found high levels of mortality among young Rohingya men, alarmingly low levels of vaccination among children, poor literacy, and rising poverty. Denied formal refugee status, the Rohingya cannot access due protections and find themselves in a state of insecurity in which they are unsure of their future and unable to formally seek work or send their children to school. While the government of Bangladesh explores the options of repatriation, relocation, and third-country resettlement for these refugees, it is important to ensure that they are not denied a life of dignity.
Read this Report, by: Abhishek Bhatia, Ayesha Mahmud, Arlan Fuller, Rebecca Shin, Azad Rahman, Tanvir Shatil, Mahmuda Sultana, K. A. M Morshed, Jennifer Leaning, and Satchit Balsari. Published August 20, 2018.
Rohingya refugees are weighing an impossible choice: wait in limbo or risk violence in the hope of a better future.
The Diplomat, July 27, 2018.
By: Margarite Clarey
Photo: Rohingya children playing in the camp, June 2018. Photo by Margarite Clarey.
The report by Fortify Rights documents how soldiers, police, and local non-Rohingya citizens hacked civilians, slit throats, and fatally shot and burned thousands of Rohingya men, women, and children in a matter of weeks. Soldiers raped masses of Rohingya women and girls, killed infant children, arbitrarily arrested men and boys, and destroyed several hundred villages in arson attacks, forcing more than 700,000 to flee to Bangladesh. Specifically, the new report analyzes three acts of genocide—killings, causing serious bodily harm, and creating conditions of life designed to be destructive—committed with a specific intent to destroy the Rohingya in whole or in part. The report also analyzes the commission of eight crimes against humanity—murder, extermination, rape, deportation or forcible transfer, torture, imprisonment, enforced disappearance, and persecution—committed by Myanmar Army soldiers and Police personnel against Rohingya civilians.
Read this report by Fortify Rights, published July 19, 2018.
According to a Department of Homeland Security news release, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo ordered restrictions on specific visas typically used by officials of Myanmar and Laos. Many of the Laotians facing deportation from the U.S. are refugees, including people who arrived after the Vietnam War.
Katrina Dizon Mariategue, director of national policy at the Southeast Asia Resource Action Center: “This Administration is continuing to amp up its efforts to expand detention and deportation of immigrants, regardless of their background and how much they contribute to this country. Their anti-immigrant and anti-refugee message is loud and clear based on this policy as well as subsequent policies allowing for family separation in many forms.”
Read this article, Written by: Kimbery Yam, Huffington Post. 07/12/2018
Photo: Huffington Post - Ten-year-old Naomi Lien cries as she takes part in a statement to the media about immigration outside the Supreme Court on June 26. her Indonesian father had been detained by immigration authorities. The Trump administration is increasingly targeting Southeast Asians.
After being denied citizenship in Myanmar, an entire generation of Rohingya is now being denied the right to education. Insufficient funding has been compounded by wider failures by humanitarian agencies, including weak coordination, turf battles, and differences over which curriculum should be used – an apparently esoteric issue that has become entangled with questions about Rohingya children’s future status.
Read this article, written by Kevin Watkins, CEO of Save the Children, UK.
Photo: Paula Bronstein, Getty Images
Sharifa Husain began Rohingya Women's Development Network last year, but has spent the last decade educating her community's most vulnerable women and children in their own homes. "I noticed we didn't have a Rohingya women's organisation that was standing up for women - to be the voice of women," Husain said.
About 10,000, or more, refugee children in Malaysia are unable to access any form of education. "To live in Malaysia, yes you can live, but you don't have a future. You are in a box. You can't go out of the box," Husain said.
Article written by Adam Bemma, Al Jazeera
Jeanne Hallacy documents the lives of two 16-year-old teenagers — a Buddhist boy and a Muslim girl — who live in internally displaced camps in Rakhine state. The Muslim Rohingya people remain in government-controlled camps. They are not permitted to leave, even for education, and rely on informal schools within the camps. Hallacy hopes Myanmar authorities will also be spurred to end, what she terms, “the apartheid impact upon education for Rohingya Muslim children.”
“In order to develop character people need to be educated regardless of age or gender. Then they can become aware of conflict and learn how to build peace,” says Sayadaw Bedanda Thiveinna, a senior Buddhist abbot in Myanmar’s western Rakhine State. Sayadaw Bedanda Thiveinna blames the conflict on increasing economic stress, says a new generation of educated youth is needed to achieve long term reconciliation.
This submission focuses on child marriage, marital rape, the situation of transgender persons, domestic workers, and education. It relates to Articles 1, 2, 6, 10, 11, 12, 15, and 16 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (the “Convention”), and proposes issues and questions that Committee members may wish to raise with the government.
© 2017 Human Rights Watch