Arriving to Italy Glossary of Terms

 

1.      Useful Italian Terms & Definitions

2.    Useful English terms & Definitions

 

1.     Italian Terms

Agenzia delle Entrate

An Italian agency that supervises taxes and the filing of taxes

 

ASL (Azienda Sanitaria Locale)

Local Health Service

 

C3 Form

When applying for international protection, you receive a form detailing the date of your appointment. This is done by filling out the form "C3.” This is the form for the recognition of refugee status under the Geneva Convention.

 

CARA (Centri di Accoglienza per i Richiedenti Asilo)

Reception centers for asylum seekers

CAS: extraordinary reception centres (centri di accoglienza straordinaria)

These are another type of reception centre. There is no clear information and regulations about their management, the authorities which own them and about the duration of stay.  They are supposed to be temporary recepion centres, but many CAS in Italy have become centres of second reception (so according to when and where these centres are located, they can serve both as “first reception” and “second reception” centres).

 

Certificato di Nascita

Birth Certificate

 

Certificato di stato di famiglia

A document that confirms the family or guardian of a minor/child. The paper lists all people that live at the address included.

 

Cedolino

First residence permit

 

CIE (Centri di identificazione ed espulsione)

Identification and expulsion center—the purpose of a CIE is to identify and expel migrants that are not approved for asylum to remain in Italy or migrants that have been in Italy illegally.

 

Codice fiscale (fiscal code)

An Italian code to identify persons. It is composed of 16 characters:

·      3 letters for the surname

·      3 letters for the name

·      2 numbers for the year of birth

·      1 letter for the month of birth

·      2 numbers for the day of birth and for gender

·      3 letters + 1 number for the Italian municipality or the foreign country of birth

·      1 letter given by the Italian authority

CPSA—First aid and reception centres (centri di primo soccorso e accoglienza).

These are centres where migrants are received just after having arrived in Italy.

Commissione Territoriale or Commissione

The 'Territorial Commission for the Recognition of International Protection' is the body that has the task of assessing and deciding on the application for international protection, after hearing the applicant. Currently there are 20 on the national territory.

 

Disoccupato

A person whose job contract was terminated

 

Foglio di via

An order to leave Italy within 15 days—after the application for asylum has been rejected and no form of protection has been granted.

 

Fotosegnalamento

Process by which an asylum seeker just arrived on the territory is identified by police authorities. It entails fingerprinting and photography.

 

Kit postale

Documents to be completed at the post office for renewal of a permit of stay.

More information (in Italian): www.poste.it/prodotti/guida-rilascio-e-rinnovo-permesso-di-soggiorno.html.

 

Inoccupati

A person that has never worked in Italy

 

Questura

Police office/station/headquarters

 

Residenza

City/town where a person lives. This status determines where a person may access healthcare, schooling.

 

Permesso di Soggiorno

Permit of Stay

 

SPRAR (Sistema di Protezione per i Richiedenti Asilo e Rifugiati)

Asylum seekers and refugees system of protection

 

STP card (Straniero Temporaneamente Presente)

This card grants access to free urgent medical care. You can get it from a public local health institution (ASL), any major hospital/health center (emergency rooms, hospitals, polyclinics, consultancies, etc.) or where you have your first health screening.

 

Tessera Sanitaria

Healthcare card

 

Verbalizzazione

Process to register an asylum application


 

2.    English terms

 

Absolute Right

A definite right to all people; this right is legally enforceable.

 

Asylum Seeker

An individual who requests sanctuary in a country other than their own due to ill treatment in their home country due to race, religion, nationality, political belief or membership of a particular social group.


Children’s Rights

The human or legal rights of children, specifically the rights of children to humane treatment, appropriate living conditions, health care, education, and protection.

 

Court Order

A direction issued by a court or a judge requiring a person to do or not do something.

 

Debt Bondage

State of being a slave to repay a debt or other obligation.

 

Detention

The process when a state holds a person in state custody by removing his or her freedom. Lawful detention is due to pending criminal charges or to protect another person or property, and unlawful detention is keeping someone in custody without a reason under the law.

 

Discrimination

Biased, unfair, and/or intolerant perception, action, or treatment against another person or group.

 

Displaced

Forced to be somewhere other than your home for a period of time. Displaced persons are people who have been forced to leave their homes, often due to violent conflict, and these people then do not have a permanent home.

 

Exile

The state of being banned from one’s home country typically as a form of punishment or due to threats of one’s personal safety.

 

Fair trial/fair and public hearing

The right to a fair trial or public hearing is a human right guaranteeing an opportunity to prove our innocence when accused of a crime. A free trial includes an impartial or unbiased court, meaning the court, judge, and jury should go into the court proceedings presuming the person accused is innocent.

 

Family Rights

The right to marriage and a family; the human and/or legal rights of a marriage or family.

 

Freedom

The human right to exist, act, and progress how you want to without pain or fear.

 

Freedom of Assembly/Freedom to Peacefully Assemble

The right and/or ability for people to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue, and defend their ideas.

 

Freedom of Association

Our right to come together and act as one unified group; the conduct of these groups or associations are to benefit everyone in the group.

 

Freedom of Expression/Freedom of Opinion

The right to express one's opinions freely.

Our right to have our own opinions and beliefs; our right to seek out, share with, or receive information through any medium—writing, art, media, the Internet, etc.

 

Freedom of Movement

Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country, as well as to leave the country and return to it.

 

Freedom of Religion/Religious Freedom

The right to choose what religion or set of beliefs to follow without interference.

 

Freedom of Speech

The legal right to express one's opinions freely.

 

Fundamental Rights

Basic human freedoms and assurances.

 

Hearing

An opportunity to explain why someone did, said, or believes something. The purpose of a hearing is to provide the opportunity for each side of a dispute, and especially a person who may be deprived of his or her rights, to present their position.

 

Human Rights

The freedoms and moral safeguards guaranteed to all of us upon our birth that allow us to live free of fear and with dignity.

 

Impartial

Objective and unbiased in opinion. An impartial may be made toward an outcome of events, a decision, a distinction of a person’s character, or a summary of a past action or event.

 

Internally Displaced Person (IDP)

A person who is forced to flee his/her home but remains within his/her country. An IDP may be referred to as a refugee, although they do not fall within the legal definitions of a refugee.

 

Jurisdiction

The power or right to exercise authority, and/or the authority to interpret and apply the law

 

Labor Rights (Worker’s rights)

Guaranteed freedoms and protections for workers.

Labor rights should be outlined, disclosed, and enforced by the company or organization for which a person works. However, a business, company or organization may violate the labor rights of the person or people that work there.

 

Labor Trafficking

A form of modern-day slavery that uses kidnapping, imprisonment, and/or coercion to force people to produce a commercial product or service.

 

Modern slavery

While slavery in its traditional form, legally owning a human as property, is outlawed throughout the world, there are several present-day activities of slavery including kidnapping and selling of people for sex, forcing people to work against their will, forcing children to work, using coercion, threats, and bribery to make people work, and forced child marriage.

 

On the Basis of Merit

To qualify or allow someone or something with no other information but the accomplishment, value, and/or morals of the person or thing.

 

Security of Person

The right to the security of one's person is associated with liberty and includes the right, if one is imprisoned unlawfully, to a fair trial.

Security of person can also be seen as an expansion of rights based on prohibitions of torture and cruel and unusual punishment. Rights to security of person can guard against less lethal conduct, and can be used in regard to prisoners' rights..

 

Safety

The state of being free from fear, harm, and suffering

 

Security of Person

The right to the security of one's person is associated with liberty and includes the right, if one is imprisoned unlawfully, to a fair trial.

Security of person can also be seen as an expansion of rights based on prohibitions of torture and cruel and unusual punishment. Rights to security of person can guard against less lethal conduct, and can be used in regard to prisoners rights..

 

Servitude

The condition of being a slave or of having to obey another person.

 

Sex Trade/Sex Trafficking

A form of modern day slavery that involves the selling and buying of people, particularly children and women, for commercial sex.

 

Sexual Slavery

Slavery for the purpose of sexual exploitation; may also involve slavery for primarily non-sexual purposes but where non-consensual sexual activity is common; or forced prostitution.

 

Slavery

The practice of owning a human being as one’s property. This violates our very basic human rights. While outlawed globally, an estimated 21 million are enslaved worldwide, generating

$150 billion each year in illicit profits for traffickers.

 

Social and Cultural Rights

These are the social and economic human rights, such as the right to education, right to housing, right to sufficient standard of living, right to health and the right to science and culture.

 

Social and International Order (Article 28)

The outline of global stability for all countries and populations in the world, and the instructions to achieve this stability.

 

Social justice

The assurance that people are treated with equality and fairness

 

Social security

A government system that provides monetary support to people whose income is insufficient to live on, specifically to elderly people who are retired, disabled, and unemployed people.

 

Sovereignty

Independence and independent power; the state in which an individual or a state has power and authority over oneself.

 

Suffrage

The right to vote in political elections.

 

Torture

To intentionally cause severe mental, psychological, or physical pain to someone as a means of punishment, coercion or pleasure.

 

War Crime

A crime (as genocide or maltreatment of prisoners) committed during or in connection with war.

 

Worker’s Rights (Labor Rights)

Guaranteed freedoms and protections for workers.

Labor rights should be outlined, disclosed, and enforced by the company or organization for which a person works. However, a business, company or organization may violate the labor rights of the person or people that work there.